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Characteristics and Properties of Web Controls

Fundamental Boolean Properties

Introduction

A Boolean property is one that has a True or a False value. In a form, the value is assigned as a case-insensitive string to an attribute of the same name. In the code, you can refer to the property and compare its value to True or False.

A Read-Only Text Box

A text box is read-only if the visitor can only see or select it but he cannot change its value. To support this characteristic, the TextBox is equipped with a property named ReadOnly.

Checking a Check Box

Probably the most fundamental characteristic of a check box is its ability to be checked or not. This is controlled by a member named Checked. To check the control, add an attribute named Checked to the <asp:CheckBox> control and set its value to "True". Here is an example:

<form id="frmRestaurant" runat="server">

<asp:CheckBox id="chkSpicy"
              Text="Food is spicy?"
              Checked="True"
              runat="server"></asp:CheckBox>
</form>

On the other hand, to find out whether the check box is checked or not, get the value of that attribute.

Automatically Posting a Check Box

Obviously, to use a check box, the visitor must click it. When this happens, the control sends a message to the server, in a Click event. To support this, the CheckBox class is equipped with a member named AutoPostBack, which accompanies an attribute of the same name. Therefore, to specify that a check box must automatically send a click notification to the server, set this attribute as "True".

Checking a Radio Button

To use a radio button, a webpage visitor must click it. To support this action, the RadioButtonList class has a Boolean member named AutoPostBack. If you set it to True, when the control is clicked, it sends a notification to the server. The associated event is named SelectedIndexChanged. You can use that event ti identify the radio button that was clicked. Here is an example:

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<script runat="server">
    Sub rblPayrollPeriodSelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        lblSelection.Text = "Index of Radio Button Selected: " & rblPayrollPeriod.SelectedIndex
    End Sub
</script>
<title>Payroll Evaluation</title>
</head>
<body>
<h3>Payroll Evaluation</h3>

<form id="frmPayroll" runat="server">
<p><b>Payroll Frequency</b></p>

<table>
  <tr>
    <td style="width: 150px">
      <asp:RadioButtonList id="rblPayrollPeriod" AutoPostBack="true"
                           OnSelectedIndexChanged="rblPayrollPeriodSelectedIndexChanged" runat="server">
        <asp:ListItem>Weekly</asp:ListItem>
        <asp:ListItem>Biweekly</asp:ListItem>
        <asp:ListItem>Semimonthly</asp:ListItem>
        <asp:ListItem>Monthly</asp:ListItem>
      </asp:RadioButtonList></td>
    <td>
        <asp:Label id="lblSelection" runat="server"></asp:Label>
    </td>
  </tr>
</table>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Here is an example of using the webpage:

Characteristics of Radio Buttons

Characteristics of Radio Buttons

Characteristics of Radio Buttons

This means that, to find out what button was clicked, compare the values of the RadioButtonList.SelectedIndex member and take the appropriate action. Here are examples:

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<script language="VB" runat="server">
Sub BtnCalculateClick(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        Dim incomeTax As Double
        Dim employeeName As String
        Dim hourlySalary, timeWorked
        Dim frequency As Integer
        Dim grossSalary, netPay

        pnlPreparation.Visible = False
        pnlPresentation.Visible = True

        incomeTax = 0.00
        employeeName = TxtEmployeeName.Text
        hourlySalary = CDbl(TxtHourlySalary.Text)
        timeWorked = CDbl(TxtTimeWorked.Text)
        frequency = RblPayrollFrequency.SelectedIndex

        grossSalary = hourlySalary * timeWorked

        If frequency = 0 Then
            incomeTax = 99.1 + (grossSalary * 0.25)
        ElseIf frequency = 1 Then
            incomeTax = 35.5 + (grossSalary * 0.15)
        ElseIf frequency = 2 Then
            incomeTax = 38.4 + (grossSalary * 0.15)
        Else ' If frequency == 3)
            incomeTax = 76.8 + (grossSalary * 0.15)
        End If

        netPay = grossSalary - incomeTax

        lblEmployeeName.Text = employeeName
        lblHourlySalary.Text = hourlySalary
        lblTimeWorked.Text = timeWorked
        lblGrossSalary.Text = grossSalary

        If frequency = 0 Then
            lblPayrollFrequency.Text = "Weekly"
        ElseIf frequency = 1 Then
            lblPayrollFrequency.Text = "Biweekly"
        ElseIf frequency = 2 Then
            lblPayrollFrequency.Text = "Semimonthly"
        Else ' If frequency == 3 then
            lblPayrollFrequency.Text = "Monthly"
        End If

        lblIncomeTax.Text = FormatNumber(incomeTax)
        lblNetPay.Text = FormatNumber(netPay)
End Sub
</script>
<style type="text/css">
#tblPreparation { width: 450px; }
#tblPresentation { width: 300px; }
.main-title
{
    font-size: 1.28em;
    font-weight: bold;
    text-align: center;
    font-family: Georgia, Garamond, 'Times New Roman'Payroll Preparation
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div id="whole">

<form id="frmPayroll" runat="server">
<asp:Label id="lblMainTitle" CssClass="main-title"
	   runat="server" Text="Payroll Preparation"></asp:Label>

<asp:Panel id="pnlPreparation" Visible="true" runat="server">
<table id="tblPreparation">
  <tr>
    <td><p><b>Employee/Time Information</b></p>
      <table>
        <tr>
          <td style="width: 160px;">Employee Name:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:TextBox id="TxtEmployeeName"
                                 runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
          </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>Hourly Salary:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:TextBox id="TxtHourlySalary" runat="server"
                                 style="width: 50px"></asp:TextBox>
          </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>Time Worked:</td>
          <td>
            <asp:TextBox id="TxtTimeWorked" runat="server"
                                 style="width: 50px"></asp:TextBox>
          </td>
        </tr>
        <tr>
          <td>&nbsp;</td>
          <td>&nbsp;</td>
        </tr>
      </table>
    </td>
    <td style="width: 140px;"><p><b>Payroll Frequency</b></p>
      <asp:RadioButtonList id="RblPayrollFrequency" runat="server">
        <asp:ListItem>Weekly</asp:ListItem>
        <asp:ListItem>Biweekly</asp:ListItem>
        <asp:ListItem>Semimonthly</asp:ListItem>
        <asp:ListItem>Monthly</asp:ListItem>
      </asp:RadioButtonList>
    </td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td colspan="2">
      <p style="text-align: center">
        <asp:Button id="BtnCalculate" runat="server" style="height: 32px;"
                    Text="Calculate" style="width: 182px"
                    OnClick="BtnCalculateClick" /></p>
    </td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</asp:Panel>

<asp:Panel id="pnlPresentation" Visible="false" runat="server">
    <table id="tblPresentation">
    <tr>
      <td>Employee Name:</td>
      <td><asp:Label id="lblEmployeeName"
                                  runat="server"></asp:Label></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Hourly Salary:</td>
      <td><asp:Label id="lblHourlySalary" runat="server"></asp:Label></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Time Worked:</td>
      <td><asp:Label id="lblTimeWorked" runat="server"></asp:Label></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Raw Salary:</td>
      <td><asp:Label id="lblGrossSalary" runat="server"></asp:Label></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Payroll Period:</td>
      <td><asp:Label id="lblPayrollFrequency"
                       runat="server"></asp:Label></td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Income Tax:</td>
      <td><asp:Label id="lblIncomeTax" runat="server"></asp:Label>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr>
      <td>Net Pay:</td>
      <td><asp:Label id="lblNetPay" runat="server"></asp:Label></td>
    </tr>
  </table>
</asp:Panel>
</form>
</div>
</body>
</html>

Here is an example of using the webpage:

Characteristics of Radio Buttons

Characteristics of Radio Buttons

Characteristics of Radio Buttons

Using Web Controls in Conditional Statements

A Text Box Losing Focus

When a user of a webform clicks in a text box, or when the caret lands in a text box, the control is said to have focus. To use another control or do something else on the webpage, the visitor can press Tab or click somewhere else. When this happens, the text box is said to have lost focus, and this action fires an event.

When a text box loses focus, to let you send a notification to the server and possibly take action, the TextBox class is equipped with a Boolean member named AutoPostBack. To take advantage of the lost focus event of a text box, set this member to True.

A Drop Down List/Combo Box

To use a combo box, a webpage visitor can select one of the items in the list. There are various ways you can find out what item was selected. You can access the Text value of the SelectedItem member to find out what item was select. Here is an example:

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<script runat="server">
Sub btnCalculateClick(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
    Dim hourlySalary As Double = txtHourlySalary.Text
    Dim weeklyTime As Double = txtWeeklyTime.Text
    Dim weeklySalary As Double = hourlySalary * weeklyTime

    Dim incomeTax As Double = 99.10 + (weeklySalary * 0.25)

    If ddlMaritalStatus.SelectedItem.Text = "Married" Then
        incomeTax = 35.50 + (weeklySalary * 0.15)
    End If

    Dim netPay As Double = weeklySalary - incomeTax

    txtIncomeTax.Text = incomeTax
    txtNetPay.Text = netPay
End Sub
</script>
<title>Payroll Evaluation</title>
</head>
<body>
<h3 style="text-align: center">Payroll Evaluation</h3>

<form id="frmPayroll" runat="server">
<table align="center" id="tblPayroll">
  <tr>
    <td>
      <asp:Label id="lblEmployeeeName" runat="server"
                 Text="Employeee Name:"></asp:Label>
    </td>
    <td>
      <asp:TextBox id="txtEmployeeeName" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
    </td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>
      <asp:Label id="lblMaritalStatus" runat="server"
                 Text="Marital Status:"></asp:Label>
    </td>
    <td>
      <asp:DropDownList id="ddlMaritalStatus" Width="120px" runat="server">
        <asp:ListItem>Single</asp:ListItem>
        <asp:ListItem>Married</asp:ListItem>
      </asp:DropDownList>
    </td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>
      <asp:Label id="lblHourlySalary" runat="server"
                 Text="Hourly Salary:"></asp:Label>
    </td>
    <td>
      <asp:TextBox id="txtHourlySalary" runat="server"
                   Width="75px"></asp:TextBox></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>
      <asp:Label id="lblWeeklyTime" runat="server" Text="Weekly Time:"></asp:Label>
    </td>
    <td>
      <asp:TextBox id="txtWeeklyTime" runat="server" Width="75px"></asp:TextBox>
      <asp:Button id="btnCalculate" runat="server"
                  OnClick="btnCalculateClick" Text="Calculate" Width="122px" />
    </td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>
      <asp:Label id="lblIncomeTax" runat="server" Text="Income Tax:"></asp:Label>
    </td>
    <td>
      <asp:TextBox id="txtIncomeTax" runat="server"
                   Width="75px"></asp:TextBox></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>
      <asp:Label id="lblNetPay" runat="server" Text="Net Pay:"></asp:Label>
    </td>
    <td>
      <asp:TextBox id="txtNetPay" runat="server"
                   style="width: 75px"></asp:TextBox></td>
  </tr>
</table>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Here is an example of using the webpage:

Characteristics of a Combo Box

Characteristics of a Combo Box

Characteristics of a Combo Box

To support the item to be selected, the class is equipped with a Boolean member named Selected. To specify the item to be selected as the default, set this member to True.

Finding a Control in a Web Page

To let you find a control in a webpage, the Page class is equipped with a method named FindControl. It takes the identification of the control as a string argument. Once you have the control, you can use it. Here is an example:

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<script runat="server">
Sub btnEvaluateClick(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
    Dim discountRate As Double
    Dim txtItemName As TextBox
    Dim txtUnitPrice As TextBox
    Dim discountAmount As Double
    Dim txtDiscountRate As TextBox
    Dim unitPrice As Double, salePrice As Double

    txtItemName = Page.FindControl("txtOriginalItemName")
    txtUnitPrice = Page.FindControl("txtOriginalUnitPrice")
    txtDiscountRate = Page.FindControl("txtOriginalDiscountRate")

    unitPrice = If(txtUnitPrice.Text = "", 0.00, txtUnitPrice.Text)
    discountRate = If(txtDiscountRate.Text = "", 0.00, txtDiscountRate.Text)

    If discountRate >= 1.00 Then
        discountAmount = unitPrice * discountRate / 100.00
        txtResultDiscountRate.Text = discountRate & "%"
    Else
        discountAmount = unitPrice * discountRate
        txtResultDiscountRate.Text = (discountRate * 100.00) & "%"
    End If

    salePrice = unitPrice - discountAmount

    txtResultItemName.Text = txtItemName.Text
    txtResultUnitPrice.Text = unitPrice

    txtDiscountAmount.Text = discountAmount
    txtSalePrice.Text = salePrice
End Sub
</script>
<title>Hospice Store - Hospital Beds Sale</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="frmStore" runat="server">
<div align="center">
<h3>Hospice Store - Hospital Beds Inventory</h3>

<table>
  <tr>
    <td>Item Name:</td>
    <td>
        <asp:TextBox id="txtOriginalItemName" Width="200px"
                     runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Unit Price:</td>
    <td>
        <asp:TextBox id="txtOriginalUnitPrice"
        runat="server" style="Width: 65px" /></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Discount Rate:</td>
    <td>
     <asp:TextBox id="txtOriginalDiscountRate" style="Width: 65px" runat="server" />%
     <asp:Button id="btnEvaluate" text = "Calculate" OnClick = "btnEvaluateClick"
                 runat="server"></asp:Button></td>
  </tr>
</table>

<h3>Hospice Store - Hospital Beds Sale</h3>

<table>
  <tr>
    <td>Item Name:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtResultItemName" Width="200px"
                     ReadOnly="True" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Unit Price:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtResultUnitPrice"
        ReadOnly="True" runat="server" Width="65px" /></td>
  </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>Discount Rate:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtResultDiscountRate"
                     ReadOnly="True" Width="65px" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>Discount Amount:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtDiscountAmount" ReadOnly="True"
                     Width="65px" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>Sale Price:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtSalePrice" Width="65px"
                     ReadOnly="True" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
</table>
</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Here is an example of using the webpage:

Inheriting an Interface

Inheriting an Interface

Inheriting an Interface

In the same way, if a webpage is displaying as a result of an action from another page, you can use the PreviousPage property to get a reference to a (the) control(s) from the previous page, and then use the control as if it were on the current page. Here is an example:

hospital1.aspx

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Hospice Store - Hospital Beds Sale</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="frmStore" runat="server">
<div align="center">
<h3>Hospice Store - Hospital Beds Inventory</h3>

<table>
  <tr>
    <td>Item Name:</td>
    <td>
        <asp:TextBox id="txtOriginalItemName" Width="200px"
                     runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Unit Price:</td>
    <td>
        <asp:TextBox id="txtOriginalUnitPrice"
        	     runat="server" style="Width: 65px" /></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Discount Rate:</td>
    <td>
     <asp:TextBox id="txtOriginalDiscountRate" style="Width: 65px" runat="server" />%
        <asp:Button id="btnEvaluate" text = "Evaluate" PostBackUrl="hospital2.aspx"
                              runat="server"></asp:Button></td>
  </tr>
</table>
</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

hospital2.aspx

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<script runat="server">
Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
    Dim discountRate As Double
    Dim txtItemName As TextBox
    Dim txtUnitPrice As TextBox
    Dim discountAmount As Double
    Dim txtDiscountRate As TextBox
    Dim unitPrice As Double, salePrice As Double

    If Not IsNothing(Page.PreviousPage) Then
        txtItemName = Page.PreviousPage.FindControl("txtOriginalItemName")
        txtUnitPrice = Page.PreviousPage.FindControl("txtOriginalUnitPrice")
        txtDiscountRate = Page.PreviousPage.FindControl("txtOriginalDiscountRate")

        unitPrice = If(txtUnitPrice.Text = "", 0.00, txtUnitPrice.Text)
        discountRate = If(txtDiscountRate.Text = "", 0.00, txtDiscountRate.Text)

        If discountRate >= 1.0 Then
            discountAmount = unitPrice * discountRate / 100.0
            txtResultDiscountRate.Text = discountRate & "%"
        Else
            discountAmount = unitPrice * discountRate
            txtResultDiscountRate.Text = (discountRate * 100.0) & "%"
        End If

        salePrice = unitPrice + discountAmount

        txtResultItemName.Text = txtItemName.Text
        txtResultUnitPrice.Text = unitPrice
        txtDiscountAmount.Text = discountAmount
        txtSalePrice.Text = salePrice
    End If
End Sub
</script>
<title>Hospice Store - Hospital Beds Sale</title>
</head>
<body>

<form id="frmStore" runat="server">
<div align="center">
<h3>Hospice Store - Hospital Beds Sale</h3>

<table>
  <tr>
    <td>Item Name:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtResultItemName" Width="200px"
                     ReadOnly="True" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td>Unit Price:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtResultUnitPrice" ReadOnly="True"
        runat="server" style="Width: 65px" /></td>
  </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>Discount Rate:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtResultDiscountRate" ReadOnly="True"
        style="Width: 65px" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>Discount Amount:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtDiscountAmount" ReadOnly="True"
        style="Width: 65px" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
    <tr>
    <td>Sale Price:</td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtSalePrice" ReadOnly="True"
        style="Width: 65px" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
</table>
</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Inheriting an Interface

Inheriting an Interface

Inheriting an Interface

 
 
 

Common Characteristics and Properties of Web Controls

Introduction

CSS provides tremendous support for styles of webcontrols. Some of the characteristics include the size of a control, the font, the colors, etc. The .NET Framework also provides its own support of those characteristics as properties on the classes for those controls. There are other features that are not available in CSS, or are not handled the same way in CSS.

The Width of a Control

Besides the width style available in CSS, the classes of ASP.NET visual controls are equipped with a property named Width that can be used to control the length of a control. Here are examples:

<%@ Page Language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<script language="VB" runat="server">
Sub btnCalculateClick(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
    Dim weeklySalary As Double
    Dim hourlySalary As Double
    Dim timeWorked As Double
    Dim overtime As Double
    Dim overtimePay As Double

    weeklySalary = 0.0
    hourlySalary = CDbl(txtHourlySalary.Text)
    timeWorked = CDbl(txtTimeWorked.Text)

    If timeWorked <= 40.0 Then
        weeklySalary = hourlySalary * timeWorked
    Else
        overtime = timeWorked - 40.0
        overtimePay = hourlySalary * 1.50 * overtime

        weeklySalary = (hourlySalary * 40.0) + overtimePay
    End If

    txtWeeklySalary.Text = FormatNumber(weeklySalary)
End Sub
</script>
<title>Payroll Preparation</title>
</head>
<body>
<div align="center">

<form id="frmPayroll" runat="server">
<h3>Payroll Preparation</h3>

<table border=0>
  <tr>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:Label ID="lblHourlySalary" runat="server"
        Text="Hourly Salary:"></asp:Label>
      </td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtHourlySalary" Width="65px"
                     runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
  <tr>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:Label ID="lblTimeWorked" runat="server"
        Text="Time Worked:"></asp:Label></td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtTimeWorked" runat="server" Width="65px" />
        <asp:Button id="btnCalculate"
                    text = "Calculate"
                    OnClick = "btnCalculateClick"
                    runat="server"></asp:Button></td>
  </tr>
    <tr>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:Label ID="lblWeeklySalary" runat="server"
        Text="Weekly Salary:"></asp:Label></td>
    <td style="text-align: left">
        <asp:TextBox id="txtWeeklySalary"
        Width="65px" runat="server" /></td>
  </tr>
</table>
</form>
</div>
</body>
</html
 
 
   
 

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